Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment becomes essential when the pulp of a tooth becomes infected or inflamed due to a range of underlying factors. This procedure is designed to effectively eliminate the infected pulp from the afflicted tooth. Subsequently, it involves the thorough cleansing of the pulp chamber, followed by the meticulous filling of the chamber with a biocompatible material.
Root canal therapy is a multistep process that generally extends over one to three sessions for its full execution.
- Cleaning the Root Canal:
- The process begins with the removal of all contents from inside the root canal.
- While the patient is under local anesthesia, a small access hole is created on the tooth’s surface, and small files are employed to extract the damaged or deceased pulp tissue.
- Filling the Root Canal:
- The next phase entails thorough cleaning, shaping, and decontamination of the empty space through the use of fine files and irrigating solutions.
- Subsequently, the tooth is filled with a rubber-like material, securely sealing the canals with adhesive cement.
After a root canal treatment, the tooth becomes non-responsive to pain, as the nerve tissue has been removed, and any infection has been eradicated.
- Applying a Crown or Filling:
- It’s important to note that a tooth without pulp becomes more fragile over time. It relies on the ligament connecting it to the bone for nourishment.
- To enhance its strength and longevity, a protective crown or filling is recommended.
Until the crown or filling procedure is completed, it is advisable for the patient to avoid chewing or biting with the treated tooth. Once the crown or filling is in place, the tooth can be used as before.
The duration of treatment is typically completed in one appointment. However, in cases involving curved canals, multiple canals, or significant infections, it may necessitate one or two additional visits for thorough care.
Indications for Root Canal Treatment
- Severe Tooth Pain Associated with a Deep Cavity
- Infected Tooth Pulp
- Significant Tooth Wear (Attrition)
- Tooth Erosion (Abrasion)
- Fractured or Broken Tooth
- Tooth Trauma
- When a Crown is Necessary for Tooth Restoration.
Advantages of Root Canal Treatment (RCT)
- Preservation of a Tooth that Would Otherwise Require Extraction.
- Maintenance of Jaw Integrity.
- Protection of Adjacent Teeth from Potential Infection.
- Restoration and Sustaining of Chewing Efficiency.
- Preservation of Natural Aesthetics.
- Often, Root Canal Treatments are complemented by the placement of Tooth Crowns or Bridges to fortify fragile natural teeth.