Wisdom teeth are a common cause of apprehension in the realm of dentistry, primarily due to a condition known as impaction or the need for wisdom tooth extraction. For many individuals, these molars have long been a source of dental concern. Wisdom teeth typically emerge alongside your existing molars, and the discomfort they bring typically arises between the ages of 17 and 25. When an impacted wisdom tooth triggers pain, extraction becomes the recommended course of action.
An Impacted Tooth is one which fails to erupt in the jaw causing:
- Jaw Pain and Discomfort: Impacted teeth often cause discomfort and pain in the jawbone.
- Swelling: Swelling in the affected area is a common symptom of tooth impaction.
- Infection and Cysts: The inability of the tooth to emerge properly can lead to infections and the formation of cysts.
- Damage to Adjacent Teeth: Impacted teeth can exert pressure on neighboring teeth, potentially causing damage.
- Halitosis (Bad Breath): Impacted teeth can contribute to bad breath and oral hygiene problems.
- Difficulty Opening the Mouth: Impaction can restrict mouth opening, leading to speech and eating difficulties.
- Tooth Position: The tooth’s orientation within the jaw, whether horizontal, medially inclined, distally inclined, or inverted, can obstruct its eruption.
- Tooth Crowding: Overcrowding among teeth in the jaw can impede the path of the impacted tooth.
- Lack of Jaw Space: In some cases, there’s insufficient room within the jaw for the tooth to emerge.
- Trauma: Injury or trauma to the affected area can result in tooth impaction.