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Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontics is a specialized field within dentistry that centers on aligning your bite and correcting the alignment of your teeth. If you have issues such as crooked, overlapping, twisted, or spaced-apart teeth, seeking the expertise of an orthodontist is often necessary. Common orthodontic interventions encompass traditional braces, clear aligners, and removable retainers.

What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a specialized domain within dentistry dedicated to diagnosing and rectifying issues related to “malocclusion,” commonly known as a “bad bite.” This field encompasses a range of orthodontic treatments, such as braces, clear aligners, and retainers.

The alignment of your teeth and how they interact with each other significantly influences your overall oral health.

Dental Orthodontic image

By enhancing the way your upper and lower teeth come together, you can effectively reduce the risk of various oral health concerns, including cavities, gum disease, and the excessive wear and erosion of teeth.

Who offers orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment is primarily offered by orthodontists, who are dental specialists with two to three years of additional training beyond dental school. Their expertise is centered on improving dental alignment and bites, and they do not typically perform general dentistry procedures like fillings, crowns, or bridges.

  1. Braces: Braces are a conventional orthodontic method that gradually repositions teeth over time. They consist of brackets, bands, and wires. There are various types of braces to suit individual needs, including traditional metal braces and clear (ceramic) braces.
  2. Clear Aligners: Clear orthodontic aligners, popularized by brands like Invisalign and Clear Correct, offer an alternative to traditional braces. These custom-made, clear aligner trays gradually shift teeth into their proper positions. Patients switch to a new set of trays approximately every one to two weeks.
  3. Retainers: After completing orthodontic treatment with braces or clear aligners, the use of a retainer is typically necessary to maintain the results. Retainers are custom-made oral appliances that prevent teeth from shifting out of alignment. The orthodontist provides guidance on how often the retainer should be worn.
  4. Palate Expanders: Some orthodontic treatments are recommended during childhood when facial bones are still developing and more adaptable. A palate expander is utilized to widen a child’s upper jaw, eliminating the need for tooth extractions or other interventions in specific cases. While not all children require palate expanders, they can be beneficial under certain circumstances.